(Galatians 2:5; Galatians 2:14.) He speaks sharply of the opponents (Gal 4:17–18) and pastorally to the Galatians (Gal 4:19–20). Paris 1630. to them. Nor would it have exposed him to scorn or aversion; the struggle would have been within, and could not have been described as in this passage of Galatians. Galatia (/ ɡ ə ˈ l eɪ ʃ ə /; Ancient Greek: Γαλατία, Galatía, "Gaul") was an ancient area in the highlands of central Anatolia, roughly corresponding to the provinces of Ankara and Eskişehir, in modern Turkey.Galatia was named after the Gauls from Thrace (cf. Galatians definition is - an argumentative letter of St. Paul written to the Christians of Galatia and included as a book in the New Testament. In Acts 1:10 it paints the long and wondering look of the eleven after their ascending Lord- ὡς ἀτενίζοντες ἦσαν. Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. 2.564, Gaume, Paris 1839. 3. 15 Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? What then was the blessedness ye spake of? If mental excitement, intense or prolonged, produces instant and overpowering effect on the body, how much more the ecstasy which accompanies visions and revelations! “I would,” he affirms, referring to incontinency and to marriage,—“I would that all men were even as I.” 1 Corinthians 7:7. But the life of the apostle does not seem to have been in peril at Ephesus; the tumult was stupid and aimless, and did not last long; and if he had been martyred, it would have been in the sudden confusion and excitement. Others, again, take the malady to be defective vision, and the opinion is based to a large extent on what he says in the verses prefixed to this Essay: “I bear you record, that if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your eyes and have given them to me.” The theory is plausible, but it wholly wants proof, unless some unauthorized additions be made to the inspired statements. . Nor can the interpretation of δἰ ἀσθένειαν in the paper referred to be sustained. If his nervous system had been weakened by previous manifestations, might not this last and grandest honour bring on cerebral exhaustion, paralysis, or epileptic seizure, with all those results on eye, feature, tongue, and limb which are so often and so shockingly associated with it? Galatians 4:6(NASB) Verse Thoughts What a wonder of divine love and grace that we, who were once at enmity with God, have been so favoured by the Father that we should be called 'sons', "and because we are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, 'Abba! I can see no reason here for making the clause interrogative: the rendering I am therefore become an enemy to you is quite in harmony with the context, which assumes the existence of some actual estrangement. And the infliction was a chronic one, as may be inferred; it was a stake in his flesh, hindering his work as directly as Satan might wish, exposing him to the contemptuous taunts of Jews and Judaists, and to loathing on the part of his friends. Paul appeals to past ties between the Galatians and himself. pl.n. Nor is this meaning out of harmony with the context. Galatians 4:16. i. Others translate: ‘Therefore (because ye loved me so much) I have become (in the opinion of the Judaizing teachers) your enemy—by telling you the truth.’ In the Judaizing pseudo-Clementine writings Paul is called an ‘enemy,’ and ‘lawless’ or ‘antinomian’ Some substitute ‘hateful to you’ for ‘jour enemy’ (taking the Greek word in the passive sense, as Romans 5:10; Romans 11:18). nam tradunt eum gravissimum capitis dolorem saepe perpessum. The participle ἀληθεύων has a causal force—“because I tell the truth to you;” the use of the present not confining it to the moment of writing; nor is it “because I have told you the truth,” though the idea of the past is not excluded. Galatians 4:16. ὥστε is often used in the sense of therefore to introduce an imperative or an affirmative conclusion in the Epistles of Paul, but not an interrogation. One may remark, too, the specialty of emphasis in the phrase, “Luke the beloved physician,” as if he had endeared himself to the apostle, who stood in need so often of his medical sympathy and skill. That he was blinded at the moment is true, but he recovered his sight when there “fell from his eyes as it were scales.” All miracles appear to be perfect healings, and restorations of vision are surely no exceptions. The term σκόλοψ occurs only here in the New Testament, and originally signifies a pointed stake, defined by Hesychius ξύλον ὀξύ, for fixing heads on; as in Homer, Il. no, dear Paul,” Luther says, “it was no such trial that afflicted thee.”. When was it that he so spoke the truth as to incur this enmity? So then have I become your enemy by telling you the truth? He did not so glory in the honour as to be often alluding to it; it had left him a broken and shattered man. Gerson describes it as consisting de horrendis cogitationibus per solam suggestionem inimici phantasiam turbantis obtingentibus. The change was neither in the truth nor its apostle, but in themselves. after the apostle's intercourse with the charming Thecla, as related in the legendary Acts. Nevertheless he told them no new, at that second visit. De Fuga in Persecutione, cap. . Galatians 4:16: Am 5:10 Baxter thought the disease may have been stone-his own torment; his tormentor is preserved in the British Museum. Augustine, on the verse in Galatians, says, Neque respuistis, ut non susciperetis communionem periculi mei. Zeschius de stimulo carnis, in the Sylloge Dissertationum of Hasaeus and Ikenius, vol. Meyer connects ὥστε directly with τίς οὖν ὁ μακαρισμὸς ὑμῶν, but the connection is better taken with the entire verse or paragraph-not a direct conclusion, as the result of the previous statement. 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 4. In 2 Corinthians 10:10 the apostle quotes a bitter criticism of his opponents on himself and his writings, in which occurs the phrase, ἡ δὲ παρουσία τοῦ σώματος ἀσθενής-a sentence referring not to stature or physical constitution, but to the impressions of frailty and sickness which his appearance indicated. Sons and Heirs. viii. in Psalms 58 p. 816, vol. The Canaanites, the ancient and irritating enemies of the chosen, are called “thorns.” But this opinion is baseless. . In mediaeval times this was the current opinion, as of Salvian, Thomas Aquinas, Bede, Lyra, Bellarmine, and the Catholic Estius, a Lapide, and Bisping. 1. Galatians 4:16 . Thomas Aquinas gives as one opinion, not his own, morbus Iliacus, seu viscerum dolor.Basil held the opinion that the thorn was some disease; for, treating of the use of medicine, he speaks of it in connection with, or under the same category as, the healing of the impotent man at Bethesda, Job's affliction, and the ulcered beggar Lazarus. Regulae Fusius Tractatae, Opera, vol. p. 785, ed. Circumstances forced him to take up strong ground at that time on the subject of circumcision and to denounce the opposition and intrigues which he had encountered from the Pharisaic party. Therefore, at his second visit. He could not indeed be what Jowett calls him, “a poor decrepid being afflicted with palsy;” for surely in such a case he could not have done the work which so few could have done, or borne the trials which so few could have faced. This estrangement is attributed to plain speaking which had given offence to the disciples. Still farther, there is a very strong probability that in the apostle's malady there was some prominent characteristic, to which passing allusions are thus made, and of which a more formal account is given by himself in 2 Corinthians 12:1. Galatians 5 is the fifth chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle for the churches in Galatia, written between AD 49–58. He now returns to speak about himself. ob carnis aculeos et incentiva vitiorum reprimit corpus suum.-Epist. The verb ἀληθεύω occurs only once in the Septuagint - in Genesis 42:16, Αἰ ἀληθεύετε η} οὐ, "Whether there be any truth in you" (Authorized Version and Hebrew); and once besides in the New Testament - in Ephesians 4:15, Ἀληθεύοντες ἐν ἀγάπῃ, where the verb denotes, apparently, not merely being truthful in speech, but the whole habit of addiction both to uprightness and to God's known truth; for we can … And I know such a man, whether in the body or without the body I cannot tell, God knoweth, that was caught up to paradise, and heard unutterable utterances, which it is not lawful for a man to speak.” This repetition with a difference refers apparently to two raptures; and we may almost infer from the construction, broken and resumed, asserted and repeated, that the remembrance of the indescribable glory, and his untraceable translation into it, produced a momentary maze or mental bewilderment like that which preceded or followed the mysterious ascensions. Galatians 4:16 Paul, here, is trying to get the Galatians to come back to the gospel after going astray. Because I tell you the truth.âIt would seem that something had happened upon St. Paulâs second visit to Galatia (the visit recorded in Acts 18:23) which had caused a change in their feelings towards him. ῞ωστε ἐχθρὸς ὑμῶν γέγονα ἀληθεύων ὑμῖν;—“So then, have I become your enemy because I tell you the truth?” By ὥστε an interrogative inference is made—“so then,” or “as matters now are.” Ergo is so used in the Latin versions. This opinion is alluded to by Chrysostom- τινὲς μὲν οὖν κεφαλαλγίαν τινὰ ἔφασαν. The key introductory issue in Galatians is the destination. Nor can the thorn be anything external to him, such as persecution, or any form of fierce and malignant opposition on the part of enemies, or of one singled out as ἄγγελος σατᾶν, like Alexander the coppersmith, or Hymenaeus, or Philetus, who are instanced by Chrysostom. Galatians 4:16 "Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?" To “despair even of life,” implies a period of suffering so tedious and heavy that it gradually extinguished all hope of recovery. It is quite possible that the phrase âyour enemyâ ought to be placed, as it wore, in inverted commas, and attributed to the Judaising sectariesââyour enemy,â as these false teachers call me. Translate, 'So then am I become (in your eyes) your enemy by telling you the truth?' τίς οὖν ἦν ὁ μακαρισμὸς ὑμῶν; μαρτυρῶ γὰρ ὑμῖν ὅτι εἰ δυνατὸν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς ὑμῶν ἐξορύξαντες ἐδώκατέ μοι—“Ye know how, on account of infirmity of the flesh, I preached the gospel unto you at the first. In the Septuagint it seems to be employed to denote a sharp-pointed stake, but one not so large as that a head could be set on it or a body impaled on it-a stake in miniature, virtually a thorn: σκόλοπες ἐν τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς ὑμῶν, “thorns in your eyes,” Numbers 33:55; similarly Ezekiel 28:24, and in Hosea 2:6, where it represents the Hebrew סִיר, spina. That he might be humble was God's purpose; that he might be humiliated was the purpose of Satan's angel,-that is, brought into contempt, and restrained in his work, his influence lessened, and himself harassed and agonized. Schaefer), whereas in the passive sense it takes the dative. But-. Whatever on any pretence or to any degree endangered truth met at once from him with vehement and persistent opposition, no matter what hostility, misapprehension, or prejudice his fidelity might create against himself. is, because he is the fixed representative of the same unchanging truth, at his first visit, his second, and in this epistle. Primasius gives it as an alternative, alii dicunt titillatione carnis stimulatum. The visitation so characterized must have a load of unwonted pressure, for the apostle is of all men least prone to exaggerate in personal matters. lib. 6. The thorn was employed by this evil spirit as a means of buffeting him. Will they treat him as an enemy? Their feeling toward him had been that of extreme kindness and indulgence, and he might ask, Have I, who once was the object of your intense affection, become the object of your hatred? If the Galatians become slaves…all over again to the law , Paul will have worked in vain among them. (4.) “After all the love and devotion you showed to me your spiritual father, have I now become your enemy by telling you the truth of Christ and urging you to hold firmly to it???”. (Galatians 4:17-18) and finally: 4) The Godly Objective: (Galatians 4:19-20) How you are right now going into 2019 is a result of the choices you have made in 2018. 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